ACANTHODACTYLUS PARDALIS PDF

The leopard fringe-fingered lizard Acanthodactylus pardalis , also known commonly as the Egyptian fringe-fingered lizard , is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. The species is endemic to North Africa. The natural habitats of the leopard fringe-fingered lizard are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland , subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland , and intertidal flats. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Leopard fringe-fingered lizard Conservation status.

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The Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard Acanthodactylus beershebensis is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is a member of the subfamily Lacertinae , and the genus Acanthodactylus spiny footed lizards. Considered a separate species based on morphological distinction and isolated location, it shares a large portion of its genetics with Acanthodactylus pardalis in this genus. Like all Acanthodactylus , A.

The species is endemic to the loess scrublands of the Negev desert in Israel and the Palestinian Territories , a biodiversity hotspot. The small populations are severely fragmented across the Negev desert. This decline has been caused by habitat destruction and degradation.

Conservation efforts also damaged the population, but a small portion of their original range remains untouched and protected.

The hatchlings of A. However, a few weeks after birth, the tail becomes brownish gray, and the body turns to a blotchy brownish, sand-gray [4] coloration, which remains through adulthood. This pattern gives the name to the " Acanthodactylus pardalis group" to which A. In Greek, pardalis , means leopard. On average, the species live less than a year, hatching around the end of May. All Acanthodactylus species A. However, the changes can differ between species; an example would be in foraging movements.

Colourful tails and striped patterns on lizards may be used as anti-predator mechanisms. In the early stages of life of Acanthodactylus beershebensis' , its colourful tail may be used to "shoo off" predators. After its tail changes colour, the lizard becomes less vulnerable to predators, thus not needing it anymore.

Its natural habitat is tropical dry shrubland. It generally lives in the loess plains of the northern Negev desert located in Israel and Palestine territory.

The Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard is the most common species in this habitat. The area that the species inhibits is less than 10 km 2 3. The Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard lives in a structurally simple environment with few perches in which the species can hide from its predators. The species live in an area where trees and other covers are scarce and avoids them because they are often already inhabited by predators.

The Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard does not rely much on the perches or covers provided by trees for survival but is known to show the strongest reaction to plantations. The habitat of the northern Negev desert is one where a more complex or a higher quality habitat would do more harm than improve the lives of its natural inhabitants.

A higher quality habitat would only bring in more predatory species into the area, severely affecting the population of the Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard as well as other local species.

The diet of A. Because the species face a lot of threat from the many predators inhabiting the area, the Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard has found ways to adapt its diet dependent to its predatory situation.

When under more than normal pressure from predators, the Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard moves around less and catches and consumes smaller prey and less plant material. Its diet shifts toward consuming foods that take less time to catch and to eat, all in preparation for possible predators. The reptile also becomes less selective and eats a more diverse range of food when under this predatory pressure. The conservation plan constructed pits and planted trees in order to reduce resource leakage in the ecosystem.

When trees are planted in perch-less habitats it increases the number of avian predators and gives them a hunting advantage. This manipulating of the habitat made it less suitable for the lizard and heightened its chance of predation. The Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard disappeared from its natural and altered habitats 11 years after the construction of the conservation plan. The spatial uncommonness of natural perches and man-made perches hindered the lizard's ability to correlate perches with a low quality habitat.

Thus, the rapid increases in the number of available perches lead the lizard to perceive its natural habitat to be as risky as its altered habitat, creating an equal-preference ecological trap. Threats for the Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard include habitat destruction and predation.

Intensive agriculture, urbanization, and grazing animals are the factors contributing to the destruction of the lizard's home. It is also easily caught by birds, like falcons and egrets , whose numbers are increasing due to continued tree planting in its niche. The national legislation in Israel currently protects a small area of the former habitat of A. While A. Studies have shown many of these species are so genetically similar that they all share similar threats.

Since these species are all facing similar threats, all of them should share the same critically endangered label to preserve the diversity. Conservation efforts will be focused on the endemic species, meaning further research is need to sort out this genus to properly focus efforts.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard Conservation status. North-Western Journal of Zoology 7 : Zoology in the Middle East 17 : 21— Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64 2 : Journal of Applied Ecology 43 : — Conservation Biology Oecologia : Hidden categories: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list Articles with 'species' microformats Taxonomy articles created by Polbot. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.

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Leopard fringe-fingered lizard

The Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard Acanthodactylus beershebensis is a species of lizard in the family Lacertidae. It is a member of the subfamily Lacertinae , and the genus Acanthodactylus spiny footed lizards. Considered a separate species based on morphological distinction and isolated location, it shares a large portion of its genetics with Acanthodactylus pardalis in this genus. Like all Acanthodactylus , A.

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Be'er Sheva fringe-fingered lizard

Go to: main text of page main navigation local menu. Distribution: Not in Israel, as the form from Isarel beershebensis has been split off as separate species. Marshall, Luis Pedrajas and Pedro Sousa New observations of amphibians and reptiles in Morocco, with a special emphasis on the eastern region.

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