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Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. May 23, Retrieved May 23, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Middleton and and D. Tait , Tribes without Rulers , Authority is wielded at the level of the clan, lineage, or lineage segment. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. More From encyclopedia. It incorrectly grou… Authoritarianism , Along with totalitarianism and democracy, authoritarianism is one of the main types of political regimes or systems. Though different variants exist,…. About this article acephalous All Sources -.
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A term used to describe the political system of societies without centralized state authority—such as, for example, traditional African lineage political systems see J. Middleton and D. Tait, Tribes without Rulers, Authority is wielded at the level of the clan, lineage, or lineage segment. Subjects: Social sciences — Sociology. All Rights Reserved.
Such groups are also known as non-stratified societies. Typically these societies are small-scale,  organized into bands or tribes that make decisions through consensus decision making rather than appointing permanent chiefs or kings. Most foraging or hunter-gatherer societies are acephalous [ citation needed ]. When these societies do not possess distinctions of rank, they are described as egalitarian. In scientific literature covering native African societies and the effect of European colonialism on them the term is often used to describe groups of people living in a settlement with "no government in the sense of a group able to exercise effective control over both the people and their territory". The Igbo Nation in West Africa is alleged to be an acephalous or egalitarian society.