A highly contagious acute respiratory disease spread by close contact causing laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis and in some cases a rhinitis. Most cases involve a primary viral infection and sometimes with secondary bacterial involvement. Mortality rates are very low and it is a common disease in dogs that are housed in groups. Often a history of exposure to other dogs at either rehoming centers, bording kennels, or in a hospital etc. Direct contact or aerosol spread are the most common routes of infection. Clinical signs develop days after exposure.
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The Canine Infectious Respiratory Disease Complex may be brought about by different causative agents responsible for the disease and be exacerbated by various bacteria that act as secondary agents. The canine parainfluenza virus CPIV is one of the main agents responsible for canine infectious tracheobronchitis and belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family of viruses enveloped RNA viruses. Very contagious disease, typical of dogs that come into contact with other individuals from the same species, either in groups dog kennels, breeding farms, dog day care or in dog shows or parks.
Aerial transmission, i. This disease occurs suddenly and spreads quickly among dogs housed in kennels and shelters. Generally, the virus temporarily colonises the upper airways, and is self-limiting, regressing within weeks. Treatment varies depending on the severity of the disease, because normally the disease is self-limiting and simply improving sanitary conditions is sufficient. If it persists, cough and mucus treatment, as well as antibiotic therapy for bacterial infections, may be required.
To prevent risk of the disease, vaccination is necessary. As preventive measures, kennels and shelters must try to avoid: extreme temperatures and reduced ventilation, too high a density of dogs, poor hygiene measures. The contents of this page are aimed specifically at prescribing veterinarians.
By clicking on "Accept" you state that you are a veterinary professional. Web Content Viewer Display content menu Display portlet menu. Canine infectious tracheobronchitis. Home Knowledge Canine infectious tracheobronchitis. Severe form: only in very young animals, respiratory symptoms become more severe and secondary bacterial infections occur.
Share this on. Decline Accept. Animal diseases Display content menu Display portlet menu. See also Publications Antibody response against canine parvovirus of client-owned dog puppies after vaccination Disease Summaries Canine Leishmaniasis: Keys to an accurate diagnosis This website uses its own cookies and those of third parties to improve our services and navigation.
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Infectious Tracheobronchitis in Dogs
The appropriate treatment and containment practices needed to address a CIRDC incident will vary considerably based on the specific agent or agents involved. In many cases identifying the agents involved is not possible; therefore, a prevention strategy is the key to tackling CIRDC in a shelter setting. However, this is an overly simplistic view of a complicated syndrome. Disease is not limited to the trachea, nor does it always manifest as coughing. Multiple bacterial and viral pathogens, acting both sequentially and synergistically, are associated with CIRDC.
Canine infectious tracheobronchitis
Tracheobronchitis is a sudden or longterm inflammation of the trachea and bronchial airways; it may also extend into the lungs. It often occurs in dogs already affected by respiratory disease or a disorder of the lungs or airways. For example, infectious tracheo-bronchitis kennel cough; see below often follows a viral infection of the respiratory system. Other causes of tracheobronchitis in dogs include parasites, diseases of the mouth and pharynx, chronic coughing related to heart or lung disease, smoke inhalation, and exposure to chemical fumes.