The eye in drawing must follow a line or a plane or a mass. In the process of drawing, this may become a moving line, or a moving plane, or a moving mass. The line, in actual construction, must come first; but as mental construction must precede physical, so the concept of mass must come first, that of plane second, that of line last. Masses of about the same size or proportion are conceived not as masses, but as one mass; those of different proportions, in respect to their movement, are conceived as wedging into each other, or as morticed or interlocking. Bones constitute the pressure system of the body.

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Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Want to Read saving…. Want to Read Currently Reading Read. Other editions. Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Preview — Constructive Anatomy by George B. Constructive Anatomy by George B. The most valuable, detailed anatomical studies which are also beautifully drawn of all parts of the figure.

Bridgman for nearly 50 years a teacher at the Art Students Le "Excellent. Bridgman for nearly 50 years a teacher at the Art Students League in New York for a solid foundation and understanding of human anatomy. They have found, and continue to find, that his unique way of discovering the vitalizing forces in the human form and realizing them in drawing carries the student pleasantly over one of art's most severe hurdles.

Bridgman's superb anatomical sketches, of which there are nearly in the book, also bring clearly to fruition his lucid theories of how to draw the human body in its structure and its complex movements.

Constructive Anatomy, an anatomical reference guide for the working artist, sculptor, and student, graphically shows important parts of the human body, both in motion and in repose — hand, wrist, thumb, fingers, forearm, arm, armpit, shoulder, neck, head, eye, nose, ear, mouth, chin, trunk front, side, and back , pelvis, hip, thigh, leg, knee, ankle, foot, and toes. Drawings of bone and muscle structure of the working of the joints and the interrelation of the various parts of the body are mainly concerned with movement of all sorts — movements that are described in detail as well as illustrated.

The bending, twisting,and turning, creasing and interlocking of the various parts of the body are represented in drawing as the wedging of masses in specific ways that are clearly defined by Mr. Every artist will save tedious hours of research with this simple but effective approach, and will be delighted with its directness and fervor.

Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. More Details Other Editions Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. To ask other readers questions about Constructive Anatomy , please sign up. Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 4. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Start your review of Constructive Anatomy. Nov 17, Parka rated it really liked it Shelves: anatomy , art-books , art-books-instructional.

More pictures at parkablogs. While the other book deals more with conceptualizing mass and form, this book takes a closer look at the parts of the body. The commentary talks about the anatomy, mass and movement. He introduces simplified guides to drawing like using cubes to block in the mass first before going into more detail, The muscle drawings although still sketchy are delineated clear enough to show how they aff More pictures at parkablogs. He introduces simplified guides to drawing like using cubes to block in the mass first before going into more detail, The muscle drawings although still sketchy are delineated clear enough to show how they affect surface form.

Even more detailed discussions on the muscles are dealt with in The Human Machine. Again, just like other books, the artist with prior knowledge of anatomy will benefit more. It's recommended for intermediate artists and above. View 1 comment. Oct 23, Arman Behrad rated it liked it.

Mannequinization strategy for instructing surface anatomy is so clever and efficient. Sep 10, Mephistopheles rated it it was amazing Shelves: art. This is absolutely fabulous, and, unusually for an art book, the text is better than the pictures, which were quick, dirty, and instructive, but without finesse.

So many lights went off in my brain when reading — highly, highly recommended. Aug 21, Jessica rated it really liked it Shelves: art-instruction.

Now that I've learned from Vandruff and Prokopenko, I can finally understand the points that Bridgman tries to make. It's extremely valuable, but I had to learn from other teachers first in order to understand this book. Tip: Don't copy the images line for line.

Use them as guidelines for how to simplify the masses of the body. Bridgman is especially good for figuring out how masses fit together, but expect to spend a LOT of time analyzing images. EDIT: A rough index. Oct 12, Sonya Ball rated it it was amazing. Bridgeman is one of the leading authorities on the human figure, that being said, this book is one of the best he ever created on anatomy and drawing the figure.

The illustrations are clear and easy to follow along with his techniques for drawing the human figure. This is a classic on figure drawing and I highly recommend it as a companion book to any other textbook on the subject.

Not for beginning students though, it's definitely an advanced text. Mar 19, Piloswineseyes rated it liked it. Been using this manual for quite a while now. Pretty good for beginners since it gives a good amount of explanation, however, there aren't as many practical excercises as I expected it to be.

Still a useful tool for someone who wants to draw as a hobbist. Feb 04, Kathy Jiang rated it really liked it. All drawings are of white people or body parts of indistinguishable ethnicity.

Very informative. The book is good and full of anatomy technical lingo. I can recommend this book for medium to advance artists looking to get more knowledge about anatomy and how to draw it, but not for the absolute beginners like myself. May 25, Gold rated it it was amazing. Decent Decent art book. Good for beginning ish folks and a good refresher I guess.

Not the book I thought it would be. Dec 14, Cry-Of-The-Elves rated it it was amazing. My SO gifted me this for my bday. Lots of useful info! Jan 01, Nicole Mosley rated it it was amazing. Absolutely excellent. I don't yet understand all of it; in more than twenty years I still haven't mastered its topic to a level of equality with the author; and I'm sure the author himself is not the be-all "A book reads the better which is our own, and has been so long known to us, that we know the topography of its blots, and dog's ears, and can trace the dirt in it to having read it at tea with buttered muffins.

I don't yet understand all of it; in more than twenty years I still haven't mastered its topic to a level of equality with the author; and I'm sure the author himself is not the be-all, end-all in the industry, either.

But I love this book because it was the first to unlock the secrets of anatomy for me. Bridgman's book opened my mind to an incredible vista of possibilities. For that reason, I love it, and keep it close at hand for regular conversation. This book totally clicked with me, but I know other artists who didn't find it helpful at all.

Yet I first read it as a young, self-taught teen; and while my epiphany didn't come til a few years later, it was always a valuable resource on my bookshelf--if only for copying practice. As such, I consider this an essential book for any artist's library.. Aug 05, Johnny Atomic rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: Teen and up.

Not a tutorial by any means. Bridgman gives us a series of breakdowns from perfect anatomical accuracy through more manageable shapes representative of the original structures, all the way to "masses" that take in the totality of a large anatomical grouping. Rather than learning how to draw all the tendons, bones and muscle groups of for example the shoulder, you are shown how the mass of the shoulder should look, and why.

In this way, the body is broken down into dozens of easier to draw shapes that are still very accurate in terms of raw medical anatomy. If you are not familiar with his work, it will take me longer to explain than just looking at one chapter online.

So I have done you one better. Follow this link to get the whole book for free legally my link text. The concepts are exciting, but Bridgman writes like the Pope talks.


Constructive Anatomy

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George Bridgman’s Constructive Anatomy

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