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Parvin had four brothers and her mother died in Her family moved to Tehran early in her life, and in addition to the formal schooling, she obtained a solid understanding of Arabic and classical Persian literature from her father.
Afterwards, she taught for a while at that school. For her graduation, she wrote the poem A Twig of a Wish about the struggles facing Iranian women and the need for their education. In , she received an invitation to become the tutor of the queen of the new Pahlavi court, but she refused. In , she was married to a cousin of her father and moved to the city of Kermanshah.
But the marriage only lasted for ten weeks and she returned to Tehran. Her father died in , and she died only three years later. Parvin E'tesami was born in in Tabriz , Iran. Her formative years were spent in Tehran where her family had moved and where she lived an extraordinarily simple and tranquil life close to her father, Yusif E'tesami E'tesam al-Mulk.
Here she gained her knowledge of the Arabic language and a solid grounding in Arabic and Persian literature. Reportedly, she started composing poetry when she was eight years old. She composed one of her important poetries in the age of She died in She died because of typhoid. Parvin was around seven or eight years old when her poetic ability was revealed. Through her father's encouragement, she versified some literary pieces which were translated from western sources by her father.
In , some of her earliest known poems were published in the Persian magazine Bahar Spring. The first edition of her Diwan book of poetry compromised poems and appeared in The famous poet and scholar Mohammad Taqi Bahar wrote an introduction to her work. The second edition of her book, edited by her brother Abu'l Fatha Etesami, appeared shortly after her death in It consisted of different compositions in Mathnawi, Qasida, Ghazal, and Qeta, and stanzaic forms.
It totaled distiches. In her short life, she managed to achieve great fame amongst Iranians. Parvin's poetry follows the classical Persian tradition its form and substance. She remained unaffected by or perhaps ignored the modernistic trends in Persian poetry.
In the arrangement of her poetry book, there are approximately 42 untitled Qasidas and Qet'as another form of Persian poetry. These works follower a didactic and philosophical styles of Sanai and Naser Khusraw. Several other Qasidas, particularly in the description of nature show influences from the poet Manuchehri. There are also some Ghazals in her Diwan. According to Professor Heshmat Moayyad, her Safar-e ashk Journey of a tear counts among the finest lyrics ever written in Persian.
Another form of poetry, the monazara debate , claims the largest portions of Parvin's Divan. She composed approximately sixty-five poems in the style of monazara and seventy-five anecdotes, fables, and allegories.
According to Professor Heshmat Moayyad: "Parvin wrote about men and women of different social backgrounds, a wide-ranging array of animals, birds, flowers, trees, cosmic and natural elements, objects of daily life , abstract concepts , all personified and symbolizing her wealth of ideas. Through these figures she holds up a mirror to others showing them the abuses of society and their failure in moral commitment.
Likewise, in these debates she eloquently expresses her basic thoughts about life and death, social justice , ethics , education, and the supreme importance of knowledge ". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Parvin E'tesami. Tabriz , Iran. Qom , Iran. Poetry portal. Parvin Etesami. Retrieved April 4, Kramarae and D. Splender Encyclopedia Iranica. Persian literature. Neshat Esfahani Abbas Foroughi Bastami — Edward Haghverdian.
Asad Gulzoda. Muhammad Iqbal. Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since are classified as contemporary. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Today it is the official language of Iran , Tajikistan and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan. Categories : Persian-language women poets Iranian poets births deaths Iranian women writers 20th-century women writers 20th-century poets Poets from Tabriz.
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Divan Parvin Etesami P6
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Divan-e Parvin Etesami