Marco Alexandre de Oliveira. Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. According to Quiroga:. No de otro modo se obtiene la vida del cuento. Taken together, both works invoke a certain challenge , or else response , to the limiting rules and classifying norms of established literary genres and other critical categories such as the essay, the short story, the novel, the poem, etc. Both living and writing constitute spheres of experience that reflect the presence of an absence, an identity that is always either estranged from, or else other than, itself.
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Marco Alexandre de Oliveira. Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro. According to Quiroga:. No de otro modo se obtiene la vida del cuento. Taken together, both works invoke a certain challenge , or else response , to the limiting rules and classifying norms of established literary genres and other critical categories such as the essay, the short story, the novel, the poem, etc.
Both living and writing constitute spheres of experience that reflect the presence of an absence, an identity that is always either estranged from, or else other than, itself. One must, however, consider the term eccentricity with respect to both its figurative meaning of strangeness and its literal, etymological meaning of being out of center. The writer is therefore also, in a sense, mediated by his own writing, for as an author he exists outside or beyond the text itself, while as a writer he exists inside or within it.
Although the collection is mostly comprised of essays and memoirs, it also includes other forms of writing, such as poetry and fiction. The collage-book is definitely and definitively marked by its formal innovations and stylistic experimentation, both on the level of writing or text and especially on the level of illustration or images.
There is, in a sense, neither an identity or self to portray nor an other to persuade or convince. Instead, there are the changing colors of a chameleon in his natural habitat s , the varying masks of a writer that convey the presence of an absence, and the alternating voices that echo the words of other personalities, characters, or even cronopios. Neither the image nor the writing dominates. Rather, they work in tandem to produce a radically new form.
La vuelta , 7. That which one cannot explicitly say can, as such, perhaps be said all by itself, as long as the writer is understood to be part and parcel of that which is written by him. Once more, there is no fundamental difference between living and writing, as the writer as narrator lives within the text and writes from the inside out to a reality beyond.
It might nonetheless be interesting to note how and why quotes and other references are used in particular passages. Such a random, or even haphazard, way of quoting perhaps best characterizes a writer who appears to be playing a game of chance with both himself and his reader s. In one sense, it questions notions of originality in writing, while in another it challenges the idea of authorship or authority in general.
It therefore responds to the status quo by affirming that writing is writing independently of whoever has written it. Literary experiments in automatic-writing were often performed by Dadaists such as Tzara and Jean Hans Arp, who literally played with the laws of chance in various works. The sense of the fantastic is therefore akin to that sense of estrangement which the writer or poet feels in relation to both his living in the world and his writing as such.
Although it would initially appear that the images tend to correspond to the texts, often the relations are either incomprehensible or else unreasonable. To what extent the array of images included in the book comprises only illustrations, visual signs to be interpreted in their own right or in tandem with the texts, remains an open question.
Neither the nature nor the placement of the graphic material seems to be governed by any specific code. The book forces the critic to question the parameters of interpretation of composite works. Such an image, although probably appropriate for an eccentric work like this, is nonetheless incongruent in the sense that, except for the obvious circle motif, there is arguably no other clear or rational relation between the cover illustration and the title of the book.
The present conjunction of text and image might therefore be more aptly described as a disjunction , since the relation is actually formed by a non -relation. Furthermore, there are a relatively significant number of fantastic images drawn from the illustrated literary works of Jules Verne, such as Voyage au centre de la Terre , Les Enfants du capitaine Grant , Vingt mille lieues sous les mers , and of course, Le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours Whether or not the images correspond to the texts by forming direct or indirect relations based on the multiple combinations of the two otherwise distinct forms, a fundamental disjunction will always and necessarily exist between verbal and visual media, despite their juxtaposition.
Once more, it is this virtual disjunction, which forms an interstice or space-in-between , that nonetheless opens itself up, or else turns itself inside out , to greater realities. Summarizing the innovative character of his collage-book, Barrios ultimately observes:. Barrios, Graciela Batarce. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, Tomo II. Caracas: Biblioteca Ayacucho, Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. McLuhan, Marshall. Quiroga, Horacio. Russek, Dan.
Accessed December 4, Schwitters, Kurt. Stabb, Martin S. Sugano, Marian Zwerling. Tzara, Tristan. Hall, Bibliography Barrios, Graciela Batarce.
This course will be an approach to the puzzling language and culture that defines Basque people. A challenge for those who dare to learn a language different from any they have ever heard. A journey to the wonderful land of the Basques, full of enigmas, strong traditions, and peculiar customs that will be discovered through very dynamic activities, such as interactive presentations, brief dialogues, games. The aim of the course is to introduce students to the Basque language through the development of some basic written and conversational skills and through structural analysis. The instructor will propose real communicative situations that will encourage the students to learn the language for the purpose of visiting the Basque Country and being able to communicate in basic ways with Basque speakers. These are usually small classes where it is easy to get a lot of first-hand exposure to the language, and the instructor creates an enriching atmosphere full of entertaining activities and possibilities to hone all skills: speaking, listening, reading, and writing—as well as gaining a good grasp of the structure of the language. The module uses a task-based approach to learning Basque.
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