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After Fuente Vaqueros, the family moved in to the nearby town of Valderrubio at the time named Asquerosa. In , when the boy was 11, his family moved to the regional capital of Granada, where there was the equivalent of a high school; their best known residence there is the summer home called the Huerta de San Vicente , on what were then the outskirts of the city of Granada.
For the rest of his life, he maintained the importance of living close to the natural world, praising his upbringing in the country. During this time his studies included law, literature and composition. Throughout his adolescence he felt a deeper affinity for music than for literature. When he was 11 years old, he began six years of piano lessons with Antonio Segura Mesa, a harmony teacher in the local conservatory and a composer.
It was Segura who inspired Federico's dream of developing a career in music. He would later claim that Mariana Pineda , written in , was, in fact, his first play.
During the time at the Residencia de Estudiantes, he pursued degrees in law and philosophy, though he had more interest in writing than study. They concern the themes of religious faith, isolation, and nature that had filled his prose reflections. The year before Lorca had begun to write his Poema del cante jondo "Poem of the Deep Song," not published until , so he naturally composed an essay on the art of flamenco ,  and began to speak publicly in support of the Concurso.
At the music festival in June he met the celebrated Manuel Torre , a flamenco cantaor. He published a poetry collection called Canciones Songs , although it did not contain songs in the usual sense. Shortly after, Lorca was invited to exhibit a series of drawings at the Galeries Dalmau in Barcelona, from 25 June — 2 July Both his poetry and drawings reflected the influence of traditional Andalusian motifs, Cubist syntax, and a preoccupation with sexual identity.
Several drawings consisted of superimposed dreamlike faces or shadows. He later described the double faces as self-portraits, showing "man's capacity for crying as well as winning," inline with his conviction that sorrow and joy were inseparable, just as life and death.
Romancero Gitano Gypsy Ballads , , part of his Cancion series, became his best known book of poetry. A book that hardly expresses visible Andalusia at all, but where the hidden Andalusia trembles. For the rest of his life, the writer would search for the elements of Andaluce culture, trying to find its essence without resorting to the "picturesque" or the cliched use of "local colour. It was a farce about fantasy, based on the relationship between a flirtatious, petulant wife and a hen-pecked shoemaker.
These brought on an increasing depression, a situation exacerbated by his anguish over his homosexuality. He felt he was trapped between the persona of the successful author, which he was forced to maintain in public, and the tortured, authentic self, which he could acknowledge only in private.
He also had the sense that he was being pigeon-holed as a "gypsy poet. And nothing more. I could just as well be a poet of sewing needles or hydraulic landscapes. Besides, this gypsyism gives me the appearance of an uncultured, ignorant and primitive poet that you know very well I'm not. I don't want to be typecast. Green wind. Green branches. The ship out on the sea and the horse on the mountain. With the shadow at the waist she dreams on her balcony, green flesh, green hair, with eyes of cold silver.
He studied English but, as before, was more absorbed by writing than study. He also spent time in Vermont and later in Havana , Cuba. His collection Poeta en Nueva York Poet in New York , published posthumously in explores alienation and isolation through some graphically experimental poetic techniques and was influenced by the Wall Street crash which he personally witnessed. This condemnation of urban capitalist society and materialistic modernity was a sharp departure from his earlier work and label as a folklorist.
It was funded by the Second Republic's Ministry of Education, and it was charged with touring Spain's rural areas in order to introduce audiences to classical Spanish theatre free of charge.
He commented: "Outside of Madrid, the theatre, which is in its very essence a part of the life of the people, is almost dead, and the people suffer accordingly, as they would if they had lost their two eyes, or ears, or a sense of taste. We [La Barraca] are going to give it back to them. His work challenged the accepted role of women in society and explored taboo issues of homoeroticism and class.
This attempted to define a schema of artistic inspiration, arguing that great art depends upon a vivid awareness of death, connection with a nation's soil, and an acknowledgment of the limitations of reason. Lorca spent summers at the Huerta de San Vicente from to The poet lived in the Huerta de San Vicente in the days just before his arrest and assassination in August On the same day he was shot, 18 August, Lorca was arrested. The Franco-era report, dated 9 July , describes the writer as a "socialist" and "freemason belonging to the Alhambra lodge," who engaged in "homosexual and abnormal practices.
Significant controversy exists about the motives and details of Lorca's murder. Personal, non-political motives have been suggested. Then I realized I had been murdered. They looked for me in cafes, cemeteries and churches They never found me? They never found me.
Gibson disputes this in his book about the poet's death. Many anti-communists were sympathetic to Lorca or assisted him. In the days before his arrest he found shelter in the house of the artist and leading Falange member Luis Rosales.
The first published account of an attempt to locate Lorca's grave can be found in British traveller and Hispanist Gerald Brenan 's book The Face of Spain. In , a Spanish judge opened an investigation into Lorca's death.
A further investigation was begun in , to no avail. In late October , a team of archaeologists and historians from the University of Granada began excavations outside Alfacar.
The excavations began at the request of another victim's family. In late November , after two weeks of excavating the site, organic material believed to be human bones was recovered. The remains were taken to the University of Granada for examination. Claims in , by Stephen Roberts, an associate professor in Spanish literature at Nottingham University, and others that the poet's body was buried in a well in Alfacar have not been substantiated.
That year, a censored Obras completas Complete Works was released. Obras completas did not include his late heavily homoerotic Sonnets of Dark Love , written in November and shared only with close friends. No final manuscripts have ever been found. South African Roman Catholic poet Roy Campbell , who enthusiastically supported the Nationalists both during and after the Civil War, later produced acclaimed translations of Lorca's work.
In his poem, The Martyrdom of F. Garcia Lorca , Campbell wrote,. Not only did he lose his life By shots assassinated: But with a hammer and a knife Was after that — translated. The grounds, including nearly two hectares of land, the two adjoining houses, works of art, and the original furnishings have been preserved. Flowers are laid at the memorial every year on the anniversary of his death, and a commemorative event including music and readings of the poet's works is held every year in the park to mark the anniversary.
On 17 August , to remember the 75th anniversary of Lorca's assassination and to celebrate his life and legacy, this event included dance, song, poetry and dramatic readings and attracted hundreds of spectators. At the Barranco de Viznar, between Viznar and Alfacar, there is a memorial stone bearing the words "Lorca eran todos, " "All were Lorca".
The Barranco de Viznar is the site of mass graves and has been proposed as another possible location of the poet's remains. Political philosopher David Crocker reports that "the statue, at least, is still an emblem of the contested past: each day, the Left puts a red kerchief on the neck of the statue, and someone from the Right comes later to take it off.
The Lorca family deposited all Federico documents with the foundation, which holds them on their behalf. In the Hotel Castelar in Buenos Aires, Argentina, where Lorca lived for six months in , the room where he lived has been kept as a shrine and contains original writings and drawings of his.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Spanish poet, dramatist and theatre director. Fuente Vaqueros , Granada , Andalusia , Spain. Near Alfacar , Granada, Spain. Poetry and novels based on Lorca. Comics based on Lorca. Musical works based on Lorca. Theatre, film and television based on Lorca. See, for example, "Translating Lorca". New Statesman UK. Spanish conventions require his name to be listed under "G".
Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 28 October BBC News. Retrieved 14 October He tried to screw me twice I was extremely annoyed, because I wasn't homosexual, and I wasn't interested in giving in. Besides, it hurts. So nothing came of it. My Last Sigh. Translated by Abigail Israel. University of Minnesota Press,
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