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Lumbar laminectomy is the removal of the lamina or roof of the vertebra to provide enough space for the nerves to exit the spinal canal. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal. It is a major spine. Artrodesis vertebral posterior lumbar.

Retrieved December 20, The actual bone removal may be carried out with a variety of surgical tools, including drills, rongeurs and lasers. Spinal stenosis is the single most common diagnosis that leads to spinal surgery, of which a laminectomy represents one component.

A common type of laminectomy is performed to permit the removal or reshaping of a spinal disc as part of a lumbar discectomy. There may be considerable pain immediately after the operation, and pain may persist on a longer term basis. Articles lacking in-text citations from March All articles lacking in-text citations All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from June Surgery does not stop the degenerative process and symptoms may reappear within several years.

A laminectomy performed as a minimal spinal surgery procedure is a tissue-preserving surgery that leaves more of the muscle intact and spares the spinal process. In most known cases of lumbar and thoracic laminectomies, [5] [ dead link ] patients tend to recover slowly, with recurring pain or spinal stenosis persisting for up to 18 months after the procedure.

Back surgery can relieve pressure on the spine, but it is not a cure-all for spinal stenosis. The pair of laminae, along with the spinous process, make up the posterior wall of the bony spinal canal.

Retrieved 19 December According to a World Health Organization census inlaminectpmia patients who had undergone a lumbar laminectomy recovered normal function within one year of their operation. The recovery period after a laminectomy depends on the specific operative technique, with minimally invasive procedures having significantly shorter recovery periods than open surgery. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the laminawhich is the roof of lumbae spinal canal.

This is a treatment for a herniatedlaminectmoia, or degenerated disc. Another procedure, called the laminotomy, is the removal of a mid-portion of one lamina and may be done either with a conventional open technique or in a minimalistic fashion with the use of tubular retractors and endoscopes.

Shoulder surgery Shoulder replacement Bankart repair Weaver—Dunn procedure Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction Hand surgery Brunelli procedure. Removal of substantial amounts of bone and tissue may require additional procedures such as spinal fusion to stabilize the spine and generally require a much longer recovery period than a simple laminectomy. Upper view of a human vertebra, showing the lamina. This article includes a list of referencesbut its llumbar remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

This page was last edited on 16 Novemberat For the procedure to increase the size of an opening in a lamina, see Laminotomy. The lamina is a posterior arch of the vertebral bone lying between the spinous process which juts out in the middle and the more lateral pedicles and the transverse processes of each vertebra.

March Learn how and when to remove this template laminectomiz. Arthrotomy Arthroplasty Synovectomy Arthroscopy Replacement joint imaging: Articular cartilage repair Microfracture surgery Knee cartilage replacement therapy Autologous chondrocyte implantation. Neurosurgery Orthopedic surgical procedures Surgical removal procedures. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Surgical treatment that includes a laminectomy is the most effective remedy for severe spinal stenosis; however, most cases of spinal stenosis are not severe enough to require surgery.

When the disabling symptoms of spinal stenosis are primarily neurogenic claudication and the laminectomy is done without spinal fusion, there is generally a rapid recovery and long term relief.

A laminectomy is also the name of a spinal operation that conventionally includes the removal of one or both lamina, as well as other posterior supporting structures of the vertebral column, including ligaments and additional bone. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. In some cases after laminectomy and spinal fusion, it may take several months to return lumabr normal activities. The reason for lamina removal is rarely, if ever, because the lamina itself is diseased; rather, it is done to break the continuity of the rigid ring of the spinal canal to allow the soft tissues within the canal to: The lamina of the vertebra is removed or trimmed to widen the spinal canal and create more space for the spinal nerves and thecal sac.

For some people, recovery can take weeks or months and may require long-term occupational and physical therapy. With spinal fusion, the recovery time may be longer. Spinal decompression and Foraminotomy. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Depending on the problem, smaller alternatives, e. Removal of these structures with an open technique requires disconnecting the many muscles of the back attached to them. This article is about the complete removal of a lamina. However, if the spinal column is unstable and fusion is required, the recovery period can last from several months to more than a year, and the likelihood of symptom relief is far less probable.

It is a major spine operation with residual scar tissue and may result in postlaminectomy syndrome. Most commonly, a laminectomy is performed to treat spinal stenosis.

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Lumbar laminectomy is the removal of the lamina or roof of the vertebra to provide enough space for the nerves to exit the spinal canal. A laminectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the vertebral bone called the lamina, which is the roof of the spinal canal. It is a major spine. Artrodesis vertebral posterior lumbar. Retrieved December 20, The actual bone removal may be carried out with a variety of surgical tools, including drills, rongeurs and lasers.

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