The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols form the core of international humanitarian law, which regulates the conduct of armed conflict and seeks to limit its effects. They protect people not taking part in hostilities and those who are no longer doing so. Rules of war in a nutshell. The Geneva Conventions of and their Additional Protocols. Can one decision change your life?
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Download full text Bahasa Indonesia, 21 pages. Siregar, Rafika M. Rafika Mayasari Siregar Abdul Rahman Arif Wars arise because of the hostility between the two countries narion, religion, ethnic group, and so on and the great battle armed between two or more forces. Of the two countries were at war and in war and the armed conflict civilians always be a victim.
Wars happens between the two countries were at war causing civilians suffered minor injuries, serious injuries, and even death. I lay out the problems that are how the protection of civilians during war according to the Geneva Convention IV of , how the role of International Committee of the Red Cross to a a country at war under International Law and how a violation of Geneva Convention IV of by countries at war.
Authors conducted a study in this thesis is Library Research, by collecting data sourced from literature. Sources contained in this literature study is books, journals, articles, dictionary, newspaper, electronic data, also primary data as well as conventions that are used as reading in this paper. Normative Legal research that examines the ways reading, analyzing, interpreting, comparing and also translated various sources that where these resources associated with this paper.
Geneva Convention IV provides the protection of civilians in time of war. This convention composed entirely chapters and three attachments. Several groups of civilians to be protected is foreigners in occupied or which are also referred to citizens in the territory of the enemy civil disputants, then people who live in the occupied territories which is also called the civilian population in the occupied territories and also civilian internees in which civilians may be interned protected.
International Committee if the Red Cross have a role to countries at war by providing humanitarian aid. There are some violations of the provisions of articles contained in the Geneva Conventions IV of by countries at war. View original from jurnal. Sumatra Journal of International Law. Sumatra Journal of International Law is a biannual, open access, peer-reviewed journal published Download full text Bahasa Indonesia, 21 pages Cite this.
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The Geneva Conventions and their Commentaries
Registration Number Title Geneva Convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war Participant s. French English. Government of Switzerland. Partial Publication Limited Publication. Geneva Convention relative to the protection of civilian persons in time of war. Place Date Geneva. Switzerland 2 November
Reservation with regard to Art. That is to say, no case may be submitted to the International Court of Justice except by agreement between the Parties. Netherlands 9 Netherlands 9. Home Page. Main Menu. Road Traffic.
The Geneva Convention was a series of international diplomatic meetings that produced a number of agreements, in particular the Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflicts, a group of international laws for the humane treatment of wounded or captured military personnel, medical personnel and non-military civilians during war or armed conflicts. The agreements originated in and were significantly updated in after World War II. While some civilizations showed compassion for the injured, helpless or innocent civilians, others tortured or slaughtered anyone in sight, no questions asked. He got much more than he bargained for, however, when he found himself a witness to the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino, a gory battle in the Second War of Italian Independence.
The Geneva Convention is an international treaty that regulates the victims of the international armed conflict and non-international armed conflict. The convention is supplemented by the Additional Protocol that governs the victims of international armed conflict Additional Protocol I and victims of non-international armed conflict Additional Protocol II Problems formulated in this study is how the implementation of these treaties in the Indonesian national law. The method used is normative juridical with secondary data and qualitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that the implementation of the Geneva Convention into Indonesia national law is done by Act No.